Houston Baptist University Catalog

Apologetics ( APOL ) Course Descriptions

  • APOL 3301 TEST EVERYTHING: LEWIS/SCHAEFF

    APOL 3301 Worldview Apologetics: ‘Testing Everything’ with C.S. Lewis & Francis Schaeffer
    Prerequisite(s): Junior/Senior Standing or Instructor’s Approval
    The course begins with a focused, in-depth reading of Lewis and Schaeffer. Then it examines thinkers who serve as models of how to extend and apply, or revise and modify, their apologetics arguments, and may include works by Nancy Pearcey, Alvin Plantinga, Herman Dooyeweerd, J. Richard Pearcey, Albert Wolters, Mark Noll, George Marsden, Gene Edward Veith, and many others, enriched by shorter readings such as articles, book excerpts, and primary source documents.

  • APOL 3302 SURVIVE & THRIVE AT UNIVERSITY

    APOL 3302 Worldview Apologetics: Surviving and Thriving at the University
    Prerequisite(s): Junior/Senior Standing or Instructor’s Approval
    This course provides students with tools to analyze the prevailing secular theories across a variety of fields, to think critically about underlying assumptions, and to argue persuasively for a credible Christian perspective. The course gives a worldview introduction to several subject areas, which may include math, english, science, business, political philosophy, the arts & humanities. Readings include books specific to each of the subject areas, enriched by shorter readings such as articles, book excerpts, and primary source documents.

  • APOL 3381 SPECIAL TOP/INDEPENDENT STUDY

    APOL 3381 Special Topics/Independent Study
    Prerequisite(s): None
    Topics are selected on basis of student need and academic qualifications of staff. If regular lectures are not given, a minimum of 30 hours of work for each hour credit must be included.

  • APOL 4381 SPECIAL TOP/INDEPENDENT STUDY

    APOL 4381 Special Topics/Independent Study
    Prerequisite(s): None
    Topics are selected on basis of student need and academic qualifications of staff. If regular lectures are not given, a minimum of 30 hours of work for each hour credit must be included.

  • APOL 5050 SPIRITUAL FORMATION I

    APOL 5050 Spiritual Formation I
    Prerequisite(s): None
    One part of a four-course series to facilitate students’ intellectual and spiritual formation as apologists and foster prayer and mutual support and encouragement. Students will participate in a weekly group discussion, facilitated by the SF instructor, on topics such as current issues in apologetics, faculty and student research, graduate student life, prayer, spiritual reading, and the spiritual disciplines. Part of the four-semester sequence of Spiritual Formation courses. Students must take all four courses but may do so in any order. Courses are pass/fail based on participation.

  • APOL 5060 SPIRITUAL FORMATION II

    APOL 5060 Spiritual Formation II
    Prerequisite(s): None
    One part of a four-course series to facilitate students’ intellectual and spiritual formation as apologists and foster prayer and mutual support and encouragement. Students will participate in a weekly group discussion, facilitated by the SF instructor, on topics such as current issues in apologetics, faculty and student research, graduate student life, prayer, spiritual reading, and the spiritual disciplines. Part of the four-semester sequence of Spiritual Formation courses. Students must take all four courses but may do so in any order. Courses are pass/fail based on participation.

  • APOL 5281 SPECIAL TOP/INDEPENDENT STUDY

    APOL 5281 Special Topics/Independent Study
    Prerequisite(s): None
    Topics are selected on basis of student need and academic qualifications of staff. If regular lectures are not given, a minimum of 30 hours of work for each hour credit must be included.

  • APOL 5310 APOLOGETICS RESEARCH/WRITING

    APOL 5310 Apologetics Research and Writing
    Prerequisite(s): None
    A practical course designed to develop graduate-level writing and reading skills and introduce students to writing in the discipline of apologetics. The course will focus on developing a robust drafting, writing and revision process; using primary and secondary source materials; writing with clarity and correctness; and writing for both academic and popular audiences. Readings will introduce students to both philosophical and cultural apologetics.

  • APOL 5320 PHIL. OF RELIGION:FAITH/REASON

    APOL 5320 Philosophy of Religion: Faith & Reason
    Prerequisite(s): None
    This course will deal with basic issues in philosophy of religion, such as: theistic arguments, the problem of evil, the relationship between faith and reason, miracles, and life after death. (Offered as PHIL 5320.)

  • APOL 5330 ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY AND CULTURE

    APOL 5330 Ancient Philosophy and Culture
    Prerequisite(s): None
    Christianity was shaped by Jewish, Roman, and Greek cultural forces. This class will examine the Classical heritage of the Faith. Class will survey ancient philosophy, theater, and poetry. Course will survey texts such as Theogony, Odyssey, Bacchae, Frogs, Republic, Aeneid, and Metamorphosis to examine the rooots of contemporary Western Christian faith.

  • APOL 5340 MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY & CULTURE

    APOL 5340 Medieval Philosophy & Culture
    Prerequisite(s): None
    A survey of the ideas, cultural developments, and literature of Medieval Europe, from the Fall of Rome to the beginning of the Renaissance. The course will cover topics such as the medieval Christian contribution to science, philosophy, art, and education; the rise of Islam and the Christian response; and the integration of faith and reason as expressed in medieval literature, art, and philosophy.

  • APOL 5350 MODERN & POST-MODERN CULTURE

    APOL 5350 Modern and Postmodern Culture
    Prerequisite(s): None
    An exploration of ideas and cultural developments from the 16th Century to the present, focusing especially on the relationship between reason and faith, the cultural consequences of modernity, and the apologetics challenges and opportunities of the present day. Students will read philosophical, cultural, and literary texts by a range of authors, including some non-Christians. Apologetics topics include issues such as doubt and suffering; pro-life issues; sexuality and marriage; and the integration of reason and imagination into apologetics.

  • APOL 5360 FILM, VISUAL ARTS, APOLOGETICS

    APOL 5360 Film, the Visual Arts, and Apologetics
    Prerequisite(s): None
    An exploration of the potential of film and visual art for use in apologetics, focusing on the principles of interpreting artworks, especially with regard to discerning the worldviews embodied in particular artworks and using artworks to foster dialogue on apologetics issues.

  • APOL 5370 C.S. LEWIS/IMAGINATIVE APOL

    APOL 5370 C. S. Lewis and Imaginative Apologetics
    Prerequisite(s): None
    C. S. Lewis is the most influential public apologist of the 20th century, and his influence continues to grow. This course wil explore Lewis’s thought as expressed in his fiction, poetry, apologetics, and/or academic works, and assess his contribution to the work of imaginative apologetics.

  • APOL 5380 MERE CHRISTIAN THEO/APOL

    APOL 5380 ‘Mere Christian’ Theology and Apologetics Implications
    Prerequisite(s): None
    An examination of the rational coherence of core Christian doctrines, including the Trinity, the Incarnation, and the Resurrection. Other topics may include Christian Exclusivism, Substitutionary Atonement, Heaven and Hell, etc.

  • APOL 5381 SPECIAL TOP/INDEPENDENT STUDY

    APOL 5381 Special Topics/Independent Study
    Prerequisite(s): None
    Topics are selected on basis of student need and academic qualifications of staff. If regular lectures are not given, a minimum of 30 hours of work for each hour credit must be included.

  • APOL 6050 SPIRITUAL FORMATION III

    APOL 6050 Spiritual Formation III
    Prerequisite(s): None
    One part of a four-course series to facilitate students’ intellectual and spiritual formation as apologists and foster prayer and mutual support and encouragement. Students will participate in a weekly group discussion, facilitated by the SF instructor, on topics such as current issues in apologetics, faculty and student research, graduate student life, prayer, spiritual reading, and the spiritual disciplines. Part of the four-semester sequence of Spiritual Formation courses. Students must take all four courses but may do so in any order. Courses are pass/fail based on participation.

  • APOL 6060 SPIRITUAL FORMATION IV

    APOL 6060 Spiritual Formation IV
    Prerequisite(s): None
    One part of a four-course series to facilitate students’ intellectual and spiritual formation as apologists and foster prayer and mutual support and encouragement. Students will participate in a weekly group discussion, facilitated by the SF instructor, on topics such as current issues in apologetics, faculty and student research, graduate student life, prayer, spiritual reading, and the spiritual disciplines. Part of the four-semester sequence of Spiritual Formation courses. Students must take all four courses but may do so in any order. Courses are pass/fail based on participation.

  • APOL 6310 APOLOGETICS COMMUNICATION

    APOL 6310 Apologetics Communication
    Prerequisite(s): None
    A practical course designed to develop techniques used in interpersonal, group, public, social media and other mass communication settings. The focus will be on developing individual ability to communicate Christian thought for effective engagement with culture.

  • APOL 6320 SCIENCE AND FAITH

    APOL 6320 Science and Faith
    Prerequisite(s): None
    This course will explore the history of the relationsip between science and religion, including the alleged hostility between the two. It will examine various accounts of the compatibility between the two and ways they can be understood as mutually enriching. Other topics in the philosophy of science and how they interact with theism may be considered. (Offered also as PHIL 6320.)

  • APOL 6321 PHIL OF HIST & RESURRECTION

    APOL 6321 Philosophy of History and the Resurrection
    Prerequisite(s): None
    Philosophical assumptions affecting the study of history will be examined and dealing explicitly with miraculous occurrences, and most especially, evidences for the resurrection of Christ.

  • APOL 6322 PHILOSOPHICAL THEOLOGY

    APOL 6322 Philosophical Theology
    Prerequisite(s): None
    A rigorous examination of the coherence of theism that addrsses the Biblical justification and the proper conceptual formuation (or qualification) of divine attributes such as incorporeality, necessary existence, aseity, eternality, simplicity, omnipotence, omniscience, divine goodness and moral perfection, and the philosophical formulation of historically orthodox doctrines of the Trinity, the Incarnation, justification and the Atonement, divine creation and providence, the nature of the Eucharist, the nature of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, and questions of individual and universal eschatology.

  • APOL 6323 FRAMEWORKS & ISSUES

    APOL 6323 Philosophical Apologetics: Frameworks and Issues
    Prerequisite(s): None
    An introduction to different apologetic methodologies and kinds of argument used in the defense of the Christian faith. The relative merits of classical apologetics/natural theology, evidentialism, presuppositionalism, reformed epistemology, and cumulative case methodologies will be discussed while addressing theistic arguments relying on reason, natural and historical evidences, revelation, and subjective religious experience.

  • APOL 6324 THEISTIC ARGUMENTS

    APOL 6324 Theistic Arguments
    Prerequisite(s): None
    An examination of the nature of theistic proofs that focuses on rigorous consideration of various theistic arguments from the standpoint of modern analytic philosophy of religion. Cosmological arguments, teleological arguments, ontological arguments, arguments from providence, moral arguments, arguments from consciousness, arguments from religious experience, arguments from miracles and historical evidences, prudential arguments (e.g., Pascal’s wager), and more may be considered.

  • APOL 6325 THEISTIC ETHICS & MORAL APOL

    APOL 6325 Theistic Ethics and Moral Apologetics
    Prerequisite(s): None
    Various arguments grounding objective morality in the existence of God will be considered, as will various forms of the moral argument for God’s existence. The nature of divine moral perfection and the dialectic among divine love, mercy and justice may be considered, along with the philosophical problem of evil and moral tensions in the Bible (animal sacrifices, capital punishment for non-capital offenses, the Canaanite conquest, etc.).

  • APOL 6330 WORLD RELIGIONS

    APOL 6330 World Religions
    Prerequisite(s): None
    A course exploring world religions and the Christian response to them. Particular emphasis will be on the way in which one can engage participants in non-Christian religions and communicate Christian thought in various cultures.

  • APOL 6340 EASTERN PHILOSOPHY/CULTURE

    APOL 6340 Eastern Philosophy and Culture
    Prerequisite(s): None
    A course exploring Eastern philosophy and culture and the Christian response to them. Particular emphasis will be on the way in which one can engage participants in non-Christian religions and communicate Christian thought in various cultures.

  • APOL 6350 PROBLEM OF EVIL

    APOL 6350 The Problem of Evil
    Prerequisite(s): None
    This course will examine the problem of evil as a challenge to theistic and Christian belief, and explore different responses to the challenge, both classic and contemporary.

  • APOL 6370 LITERATURE & APOLOGETICS

    APOL 6370 Literature and Apologetics
    Prerequisite(s): None
    An exploration of the use of literature in apologetics, focusing on the theory and practice of imagination as a mode of knowing and communicating truth. Theoretical perspectives will include those of C.S. Lewis, George MacDonald, and J.R.R. Tolkien. Other materials will include a range of classic and contemporary texts that explore theological themes in both fictional and non-fictional modes, by Christian and even occasionally by non-Christian authors.

  • APOL 6375 CREATIVE WRITING/APOLOGETICS

    APOL 6375 Creative Writing and Apologetics
    Prerequisite(s): None
    This course is an exploration of the practice of creative writing as a mode of cultural apologetics. Students will read and analyze classic and contemporary texts with regard to genre, form, style, and technique, and will write and workshop their own creative pieces, including poetry, fiction, and literary nonfiction, culminating in a critical reflection and portfolio. The course will also include theoretical perspectives on creative writing as a mode of imaginative apologetics. Other topics that may be covered include publication options, multi-media creative writing, and writing for children and young adults.

  • APOL 6380 SCRIPTURE & APOL. IMPLICATIONS

    APOL 6380 Scripture and Apologetics Implications
    Prerequisite(s): None
    A survey and evaluation of contemporary methods of biblical criticism and their implications for the authority of scripture, the historical reliability of scriptural narratives, and the doctrine of inspiration.

  • APOL 6390 THESIS

    APOL 6390 Thesis
    Prerequisite(s): None
    This course, which should be taken in the final semester of the program as a culminating project, focuses on independent research and writing to produce a thesis. The course is designed for students who intend to go on to a doctoral program or do academic research and publication in the field of apologetics.

  • APOL Apologetics 3381

    SPECIAL TOP/INDEPENDENT STUDY